What is suffusion? How dangerous is it? What to do?

Bleeding on the surface of the eye, below the conjunctiva-eyelid-mucosa of the eye is called suffusion.

Most often, patients with such symptoms come for an urgent ophthalmological examination because they are very scared. In fact, it is a very benign problem, which goes away on its own like any bruise. Gradually within 7-10 days the blood is gradually absorbed by changing color.

There is no need for any therapy, only the patient who feels discomfort is advised to instill artificial tears which will alleviate the tension on the surface of the eye if the suffusion is more prominent. We can also recommend Vitamin C 1gr / day in order to stabilize the blood vessel wall. The advice is not to touch or rub the eye, because the suffusion can expand.

Why does suffusion occur?

  • Due to direct eye injury or indirect head injury.
  • Due to lifting heavy loads, more intense physical exertion.
  • When the body position is with the head bent down – eg when exercising.
  • In case of a strong cough, sneezing, vomiting or straining due to constipation, childbirth …
  • Due to temperature variation hot / cold.
  • Because of the jump in blood pressure.
  • Due to blood sugar variations.
  • Due to hematological diseases – coagulation disorder.
  • In patients on anticoagulant therapy.
  • Due to immune, metabolic and vascular diseases.

The importance of ophthalmological examination in patients with suffusion is in the complete ophthalmological examination with dilation of the pupils, based on the code we can see the signs of a systemic disease: arterial hypertension, diabetes, hematological diseases. We then refer such patients to internal medicine.

Schedule your ophthalmological examination with us and take care of your eyesight regularly.

See you!

Suffusion, dr Sandra Jovanović